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Learn about Eczema

Eczema triggers

Various things can trigger an eczema outbreak. Some of the more common triggers are:


  • Certain soaps, perfumes, and shampoos
  • Chlorine and other chemicals
  • Wool clothing and scratchy fabrics
  • Changes in seasons
  • Your own sweat and saliva
  • Dust
  • Pet dander
  • Plants
  • Pollen
  • Certain foods
  • Stress
  • Skin infections

While it's difficult to avoid every trigger factor, especially stress, you can train yourself or your child to be aware of triggers in the environment or in the home that can start an eczema outbreak. Also remember that irritants can enter your skin more easily when it is dry and damaged, so the first line of defense against anything that may trigger your eczema is to keep your skin well moisturized.

Important Information


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Protopic prescription ointment is used for short or repeated treatments for people who don’t respond well to or who may have side effects with traditional treatments. It’s approved for adults in concentrations of 0.1% and 0.03% and for children, aged 2 to 15 years, in the 0.03% concentration only. Although individual results may vary, many people see improvement after the first few weeks of treatment.


The most common side effects are stinging and burning. The worse your eczema is, the more likely you may have stinging and burning. Protopic may be associated with an increased risk of certain skin infections. When using Protopic, avoid direct sunlight, tanning salons, and phototherapy, and don’t cover the skin being treated with bandages, dressings, or wraps. Only your doctor can weigh the risks and benefits and decide if Protopic is right for you.